The tram transportation tool, which first appeared in England at the beginning of the 19th century, has experienced amazing developments to become one of the most iconic means of public transportation in the world. Initially, trams were powered by steam engines, paving the way for better connectivity in major cities. Over time, tram propulsion technology developed with the presence of diesel engines and finally electrics. Over the course of its history, trams have played a central role in the development of cities such as San Francisco in the United States and Melbourne in Australia. With routes that circle the heart of the city, trams provide public transportation that helps thousands of people every day.
In the 21st century, the trend of tram modernization continues with the use of the latest technology. Computer control systems and integrated sensors enable trams to operate with higher efficiency and greater safety. In addition, electric trams, which are increasingly popular, have a positive impact on the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. One successful example is the tram in the city of Oslo, Norway, where the transition from conventional trams to electric trams has reduced the city’s air pollution by 36%.
In the context of the development of cities in the world, trams are not just a means of transportation, but also symbolize progress and social connection. Although challenges such as infrastructure maintenance and financing continue to exist, the historical and practical value of trams as a means of public transportation remains irreplaceable. As technology continues to develop, this means of transportation remains an integral part of urban landscapes around the world, reinforcing its vital role in shaping the future of sustainable mobility.